Wednesday, February 29, 2012

Lets look at Royal Bank of Canada (RY) today.
This posting is open for discussion and to determine the entry and exit price points by using 3 different methods. These three methods use the historical P/E, CF/S and the dividend (D/S) ratios. Please note that there is a ton of ratios out there.
Definitions of the following terms used:
P/E. Price divided by its earnings, which shows what multiple that a investor is willing to pay for $1 dollar of earnings.
http://www.investopedia.com/terms/p/price-earningsratio.asp#axzz1ywxwNlkP
CF/S is the same as earnings except that its referring to the company’s ability to generate cash.
http://www.investopedia.com/terms/c/cashflowpershare.asp#axzz1ywxwNlkP
D/S or Dividend per share. For this ratio you would use the dividend yield formula.
http://www.investopedia.com/university/ratios/investment-valuation/ratio7.asp#axzz1ywxwNlkP
Using these historical ratios a person can estimate what the stock price range should be.
By comparing the 3 year average vs a longer term (10 year average or more) can also help to determine where the market believes the company is in its life cycle, which includes: start up (venture), growth or mature company.
The Royal Bank trades on the TSX and on the big board the NYSE under the symbol of (RY). RY has been a publicly traded company for more 10 years, RY in the largest bank in Canada and has operations in the USA and the Caribbean.
RY for the past 16 years has had an average P/E trading range of 16.12 (high) and 11.9 (low) after removing a couple of year due to non company earnings.
RY also has had some wild swings in the past, P/E value for example in 2009 RY had a high P/E ratio of 24.48 and a really low P/E ratio of 7.29 in 1996.
Update with RY’s earnings update for the 1st quarter. My estimates have now been changed a little.
If your wondering about dividend growth? Yes RY has had growth in that area as well.
RY has increased its dividends by more then 10 fold in the past decade.
There is no indication that RY won’t continue to paying out more dividends going forward. In fact it is expected that RY will increase its dividend by 5.5% in 2012 to 2.20 per share.
RY has raised it dividend again this quarter by 6% which is now .57 per quarter.
Looking at the level of support that the dividend can provide. Before the 6% increase people were willing to pay 69.58 (H) to 50.98(L). Now the Price support averages should be around 72.11 (H) and 52.83 (L).
At todays price of $55.90 makes it look like a hold/ low buy ! The listed option trades are still valued are in the correct ranges.Now on to how to trade, as I’m looking to purchase more shares of RY I’ll be writing a put at my price estimates in this case I’m looking to write a spread which is both the Call and a Put Option at $54 on the Montreal exchange www.m-x.ca . It would be best to sell the put for the shortest term as possible. So I’m looking to sell 10 March 2012 put contracts for 54 and collect the premium of .30 per share.
Since I own 2100 shares of RY at an average price of $56 per share I’m going to write a covered call as well in this case and I’m going to split the position into 2 groups. So I’m going to write the April 56 calls for a premium of .85 cents and the October 58 at 1.65 per share.
If your wondering on what the return would be? For the next 17 days til the Puts expiry will net you .555% per share. 54000/300
For the two calls. The first batch is 10 April contracts at 56 for .85 per share. Works out to be 1.52% Plus any dividends. And the October 58 Contracts for 1.65 per share works out to be 2.95% plus dividends. For a Total collected today $2800.00
based on dividend stats*
Over the 16 year period RY has managed to increase its annual Earnings growth averaging 19.74% . By estimating future earnings you can estimate the share price. In this case RY should earn about $5.36 in 2012 (we’ll change this amount to $3.87) and using the average P/E the estimated trading range should be 83.25 (high) and 65.93 (low). It future estimated range is now 60.01 (High) and 47.53 (low). RY at the moment is NOT a growth stock, it is possible that it’ll get back to a growth position in 2014